This ancient Greek city is situated 25 kilometers from the Aegean Sea on an isolated hill . Pergamon existed at least from the 5th century BCE, but it became important only in the Hellenistic Age (323–30 BCE), when it served as the residence of the Attalid dynasty.

The best-preserved ancient sacred structure on ancient Pergamon’s acropolis is the Temple of Trajan, built during the reign of Emperor Hadrian (117-138 A.D.)

The nearly intact theater of Pergamon provides visitors with one of the most spectacular settings of the ancient world and is one of the steepest of its kind. 
Todays Pergamon can be reached directly by Izban train service from Selçuk station.